Junior Marine Engineer is nothing but an intern. This is a first step in maritime industry as an engineer officer. It’s an officer rank without responsibilities, so there are no specific duties for rank. But for good training purposes certain works are assigned by senior officer or training in-charge. Training in-charge of junior marine engineer is Second Engineer Officer, in short he is the man who molds the future of your career at sea.
Synonyms of junior marine engineers: Trainee Marine Engineer (TME), Assistant Engineer Officer, 5th Engineer, Engine Cadet, Paanch Sahab & Panchoo (Indians use these)
Remember: No one is concerned about your training, so you have to show interest and learn from everyone. It’s a professional life not your college/school.
This is utmost important section for training of junior marine engineer.
Know your Muster station, Emergency muster station & Boat station.
Know the all life saving appliances: Life boat, Life raft, EEBD, SCBA, Life buoy, Life jacket, Immersion suit, TPA, Anti-exposure suit, EPIRB, SART, GMDSS (VHF), Pyrotechniques, Public address system (PA system) etc.
Understand the muster list and note your station number. (Mark it on your safety helmet)
Learn the procedure of using life saving appliances as soon as possible.
Understand the alarm system of ship.
|General Alarm: (7 short blast + 1 long blast) – Muster at your Emergency station
Fire Alarm: (Continuous Ringing of bell) – Muster at your Fire station
Machinery Alarm: (Continuous & Intermittent ringing) – Acknowledge alarm and take action
Telephone Alarm: (Continuous alarm) – Accept
CO2 Alarm: (Continuous alarm by hooter) – Leave the Engine Room immediately.
Note: All alarms are audible as well as visible (flash light with different colors), so it’s easy to recognize them.
Understand all MARPOL equipment and their locations. Understand the fire fighting system, pollution prevention arrangement, emergency escape doors (exit doors).
Note all the items of SOPEP Locker.
Your familiarization of ship plays a crucial role in your learning pace. Some fellows do not even know the location of SART, Battery Room etc. during their sign-off. That’s why we suggest you to be familiar with your ship properly. Always prefer to go with senior officer/engineer (ex. 4th Engineer or 3rd Engineer) for better understanding, if they are not ready then convince them.
For junior marine engineer, we’ll suggest you to classify your familiarization department wise: Engine Department & Deck Department.
For understanding of engine department, Read: What is Engine Room at Ship
For understanding of deck department: Visit bridge and make a list of all bridge equipment, Visit all accommodation spaces (decks), Locate important machinery and rooms like Winch, Windlass, Deck workshop, CO2 room, Battery room, Paint room, Blower room, Hydraulic room, Bunker (manifold) station, SOPEP locker etc.
It’s a conventional task for junior marine engineers. But no doubt, it’s important for understanding your vessel inside out. Don’t think that it’s different for different ships and of no use. Here get some tips for pipeline tracing:
Classify all the systems (i.e. Fuel oil system, Lube oil system, Compressed air system, Bilge system, Ballast system, Sludge system, Feed water system, Steam system, Jacket water system, Hydrophore system etc.)
Now, choose the system which you want to trace, get the pipeline diagram, paper/diary, pen, torch, marker & some rags.
Identify or mark the important or major component of that system physically and mark them if possible. (For example: In fuel oil system has Settling tank, Purifier, Heater, Viscosity controller, Booster pump etc.)
And follow the lines, match all possible parts as in pipeline diagram and draw. (Also note the modifications of line if any done and ask your seniors).
Marker and torch will help you to trace the same line which you have started to trace even in a complicated and congested space.
Operation of Machinery
This section is most important in training of junior marine engineer. Operation of machinery is not a tough job, if you are guided properly.
Learn the operation of some daily or weekly used simple machinery. These machinery are Main air compressor (MAC), Oily water separator (OWS), Purifier, Fresh water generator (FWG), Auxiliary Engine (Generator), Incinerator, Sewage treatment plant (STP), Hydrophore etc. which you have operate.
We’ll suggest you to get the details of all machinery (make, type, operating principle, operations & safety points). Note down the starting/stopping procedure in your diary, it will be very helpful for you.
Get the details of different tanks, filling lines and procedures for topping up.
Transferring of oil/sludge/bilge/water is an important engineering practice. Junior engineers are assumed to do transferring after having good familiarization & operational skill of machinery. Transferring needs proper knowledge of pipelines, valves and associated tanks. Some common transferring activities are:
Transferring of HFO/DO from storage tank (bunker tank) to settling tank.
Transferring of Sludge/Bilge to sludge tank/bilge holding tank respectively.
Transferring Lube Oil (LO) to ME Sump and AE Sump.
Transferring Cylinder Oil
Transferring of water to Expansion tanks (ME Expansion Tank, AE Expansion Tank, Compressor Expansion Tank) & Hotwell.
Sounding is nothing but the measurement of depth in tanks. It is performed to know the amount of oil/bilge/water/sludge. It’s important for estimating the quantity of oil/bilge/sludge/water in respective tanks and consumption rate. No tanks should overflow. Taking proper sounding of tanks is a skill (It’s taken physically i.e. you have to take measurement and calculation).
For sounding, you need following items: Sounding tape, Water finding paste (for water), Diesel finding paste (for D.O), Sounding table, Trim of ship (for calculation), Calculator
There are 2 ways of taking sounding: Sounding (measurement of fluid level in tank i.e. how much is present) & Ullage (measurement of empty level in tank i.e. how much is empty)
For proper sounding: Keep sounding tape clean, Use paste (for water/D.O), Put the sounding tape slowly-slowly, Ensure that bob and striker plate touched
It’s a habitual routine for observing the performance and condition of machinery in Engine Room.
Paper Works (Documentation, TAR Book & Project Work)
There are lots of paper works which have to be maintained by Junior Engineer and authorized by respective senior engineer like Log book, e-Log, Saturday routines, Sounding book, Daily work done report etc.
TAR Book & Project works assigned by Second Engineer officer/Chief Engineer are also important for the proper training. Complete the assignments and get signed at regular intervals. It will keep you away from last minute rush.